欢迎访问今朝教育官方网站!
联系我们
咨询热线:
18056099985

您当前的位置:首页 > 辅导资讯 > 高考辅导 > 高考英语辅导 > 正文

2020高考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(12.7)

更新时间:2019-12-07 06:10:00点击次数:259次字号:T|T
今朝高考英语网整理“2020高考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(12.7)”,更多高考英语真题、高考英语模拟题、高考英语复习资料等,请关注今朝高考英语辅导栏目。
一、阅读理解 (2*20)
C
Cats communicate a variety of messages using cat body language. Examples include arching (弓起) their backs as a signal of fear or attack, and slowly blinking (眨) their eyes to signal relaxation. Mouth open and no teeth showed suggests a feeling of playfulness. A cat which chooses to lie on its back shows happiness, trust and comfort. Cats show dissatisfaction by moving their ears back, equal to a human frown.
As is the case with dogs, a twitching (抽动) tail can mean a little anger while a tail held high suggests confidence. Cats will twitch their tails when hunting or angry, while larger twitching suggests displeasure. They may also twitch their tails when playing. A tail held high is a sign of happiness, or can be used as a greeting towards humans or other cats (usually close relatives) while half-raised shows less pleasure, and unhappiness is expressed with a tail held low. 
Some characteristic signals, however, are often misunderstood. It is important to keep in mind that each cat may show its feelings with different body language. For instance, a cat rubbing its body along an arm or leg of its owner is not only a way in which to attract attention and, perhaps, a way to ask for food; it is also a way of “marking” its owner as its own. Usually a cat with its tail held high and twitching shows excitement, but this is often mistaken for anger. 
Many people fail or are too slow to understand the silent body language of cats. And they may have the false impression that cats are cold-hearted,unfaithful or not clever. To understand cats, people must observe a cat closely and learn what its body signals tell them.
8. Which cat body language shows that a cat is relaxed?
A. Lying on its stomach. B. Blinking its eyes slowly.
C. Holding its tail high. D. Moving its ears back.
9. According to the passage, a cat will twitch its tail EXCEPT ____.
A. when it feels sleepy B. when it is hunting
C. when it feels angry    D. when it is playing
10. How many meanings does a cat’s rubbing its body along its owner have?
A. 2. B. 3. C. 4.     D. 5.
11. The last paragraph intends to tell us ____.
A. many people often have wrong opinions on cats
B. it is not easy to understand cats’ body language
C. every cat has its own special body language
D. we should learn more about cats’ body language
D
Getting rid of dirt, in the opinion of most people, is a good thing. However, there is nothing fixed about attitudes to dirt.
In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a way to block out disease, as medical opinion had it that washing off dirt with hot water could open up the skin and let illnesses in. A particular danger was thought to lie in public baths. By 1538, the French king had closed the bath houses in his kingdom. So did the king of England in 1546. Thus it began a long time when the rich and the poor in Europe lived with dirt in a friendly way. Henry IV, King of France, was famously dirty. Upon learning that a nobleman had taken bath, the king ordered that, to avoid the attack of disease, the nobleman should not go out.
Though the belief in the merit of dirt was long-lived, dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health. Clean water supply and hand washing are practical means of preventing disease. Yet, it seems that standards of cleanliness have moved beyond science since World War Ⅱ. Advertisements repeatedly sell the idea: clothes need to be whiter than white, cloths ever softer, surfaces to shine. Has the hate for dirt, however, gone too far?
Attitudes to dirt still differ hugely nowadays. Many first-time parents nervously try to warn their children of touching dirt, which might be responsible for the spread of disease. On the contrary, Mary Ruebush, an American immunologist(免疫学家), encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system. And the latter position is gaining some ground.
12. The kings of France and England in the 16th century closed bath houses because________.
A. they believed disease could be spread in public baths 
B. they thought bath houses were too dirty to stay in
C. they lived healthily in a dirty environment
D. they considered bathing as the cause of skin disease
13. The underlined word“merit”in paragraph 3 means________.
A. weakness     B. influence         C. strength      D. feature
14. How does the passage mainly develop?
A. By providing examples.       B. By following the order of importance.
C. By following the order of time.     D. By making comparisons.
15. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
A. To call attention to the danger of dirt.  B. To stress the role of dirt.

C. To introduce the history of dirt.   D. To present the change of views on dirt.

参考答案:

C: B A B D    D.  ACCD

今朝高考英语 (编辑:jzjy365.com)
微信
微博